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Guanandi

Common name: Guanandi
Scientific name: Calophyllum brasiliensis
Family: Clusiaceae

Wood very used in Brazil by traditional communities, and very popular in other Caribbean and South-American countries. It can replace Mahogany (Swietenia spp.) and Cedar (Cedrela spp.) aesthetically.

Common names
In Brazil - guanandi, olandi, galandim, jacareúba (Amazônia), gulande-carvalho, guanandi- carvalho, guanandi-cedro, landim.
Abroad - alfaro, arary, bari, cachicamo, cedar maria, cojón, garrapato, maria, ocuje, palo maria, santa maria.

Natural occurrence
Latitude:18ºN in Puerto Rico 28 10 S in Brazil, Santa Catarina. Altitudinal variation: from 5m, in the coast of the South, Southeastern and Northeast Regions, to 1,200m of altitude in the Federal District. Outside Brazil, it reaches up to 1,500m of altitude (Joker & Salazar, 2000).

General characteristics
Height of 20-40m, with trunk of 40-60 cm of diameter. In some regions it can reach up to 150 cm of DAP. The trunk is generally straight and cylindrical.

Geographic distribution
Calophyllum brasiliensis occurs naturally in Central America and South America.

In Brazil, the species occurs in the following states:
Amazonas, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Tocantins, Federal District.

Climate
Annual average pluvial precipitation: from 1100mm to 3000mm.
Water deficiency: dry season up to 3 months, with moderate water deficit in the Central-West region.
Annual average temperature: 18°C to 27°C.

Soils
Guanandi occurs naturally in alluvial soils with deficient draining, in humid places subject to periodic flooding, with frank to sandy texture, and acid soils (pH 4,5 the 6,0).

In the experimental plantations developed by Embrapa Florestas, in Paraná - in soils with adequate physical properties, such as high to average chemical fertility, well drained soils, with texture that varies from frank to argillaceous - the species has been presenting satisfactory growth, without limitation regarding drainage.


More about Guanandi - PDF - 176 Kb






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